His work explores the tensions between autonomous art and the sociopolitical relations underlying its production. Important starting points for his investigations are the history and economy of cultural appropriation. Recently he contributed with the exhibition In the Hold to the research programme Undercurrents by Hotel Mariakapel in Hoorn (NL).
His solo exhibitions include A Sign of Autumn at Stedelijk Museum Bureau Amsterdam, and ARS NOVA E5305-B at Galerie Cinzia Friedlaender, Berlin. Vulsma has participated in group exhibitions at Musée d'Art Moderne, Paris; Fondazione Sandretto Re Rebaudengo, Turin; Museum Abteiberg, Mönchengladbach; Kunstverein für die Rheinlande und Westfalen, Düsseldorf; and Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam.